Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 10/09/2020

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Bowling Green Brandywine Treatment Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Bowling Green Brandywine Treatment Center.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Meth Effects & Warning Signs

Methamphetamine, often referred to as meth, is a dangerous and addictive drug that acts as a stimulant by prompting the brain to release a flood of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that is associated with pleasure. Meth users experience a rush of confidence, motivation, and euphoria that may last for hours.

Understanding Meth

Learn about meth and substance abuse

This initial rush is often followed by a severe physical and emotional crash.

Meth usually appears in either a powder or crystal form, and can be ingested by being smoked, swallowed, snorted, or injected. In the United States, meth is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance, which means that the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has determined that it has high potential for abuse and that using this drug can lead to severe psychological and physical dependence.

One of the many dangers of meth is the speed with which a person can become addicted. Both tolerance (needing to use greater amounts to experience a consistent high) and dependence (needing more of the drug to prevent the onset of painful withdrawal symptoms) can develop within the first few times that a person uses meth.

Meth’s powerful effects make addiction difficult to overcome without professional assistance. Thankfully, comprehensive treatment programs that feature intensive therapeutic interventions have helped many addicted individuals overcome their dependence on this dangerous drug and resume their pursuit of happier and healthier lives.

Statistics

Meth addiction statistics

According to the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NS-DUH), just over 5% of the U.S. population has tried methamphetamine at least once in their lives. About 450,000 people described themselves as current meth users. The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) reports that meth use is responsible for more than 75,000 emergency room visits every year.

Globally, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that more than 24 million people abuse meth.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for meth addiction

Many factors can influence whether or not a person will abuse meth or any other drug. In some cases, genetics play a more significant role; in others, environmental influences are the primary cause. Most often, a combination of genetic and environmental factors are to blame for a person’s use of methamphetamine.

Genetic: People who have a first-degree relative (parent or sibling) who has struggled with a substance use disorder are at increased risk for having a similar problem themselves. The presence of mental illness within close relatives has also been associated with a greater likelihood for substance abuse and addiction. Researchers have identified more than 200 genes that they believe may influence the degree to which a person is susceptible to addiction.

Environmental: Humans are products of both nature (genetics) and nurture (environmental influences). The same is true for substance abuse and addiction. People who grow up in areas where drug use is common are at increased risk for engaging in substance abuse themselves. Living in certain neighborhoods or communities, associating with certain individuals, and being subjected to certain stresses and pressures (especially when one lacks healthy means of dealing with these stresses and pressures) can significantly increase the likelihood that a person will develop a substance use disorder.

Risk Factors:

  • Family history of drug abuse
  • Family history of mental illness
  • Easy access to drugs (especially meth)
  • Age (meth use is most common among younger adults)
  • Race (meth abuse is most common among white Americans)
  • Personal history of mental illness or prior substance abuse
  • Socioeconomic status (meth is more common in lower-income communities)
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of meth addiction

Methamphetamine abuse and addiction can exact a significant toll on a person’s mental health, and physical well-being, with many symptoms being particularly difficult to hide. That said, no single symptom or set of symptoms will occur in all meth users. The following are among the more common indicators that a person has been abusing methamphetamine.

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Withdrawal from social situations or self-isolation
  • Risky and otherwise reckless behavior
  • Hyperactivity
  • Speaking rapidly
  • Lying, secretiveness, or other acts of deception
  • Stealing money or objects of value (to be sold or traded for drugs)
  • Often missing work or other appointments
  • Engaging in criminal activity

Physical symptoms:

  • Severe dental distress (commonly known as “meth mouth”)
  • Blotches, scabs, and other dermatological problems
  • Insomnia, often alternating with hypersomnia
  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Body odor
  • Extremely poor personal hygiene
  • High blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate
  • Severe perspiration

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Auditory and/or visual hallucinations
  • Memory problems
  • Poor judgment and reasoning skills
  • Paranoia
  • Confusion
  • Delusions
  • Psychosis

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Anger, agitation, and irritability
  • Obsession with obtaining and using meth
  • Profound mood swings
  • Loss of interest in people, events, or issues that were once of great importance
  • Prolonged episodes of hyperactivity or mania
  • Depression
Co-Occurring Disorders

Meth addiction and co-occurring disorders

Meth addiction is often accompanied by one or more co-occurring disorders. In some cases, the substance abuse may have led to the development of the other issue, while in other cases the co-occurring disorder can be a contributing factor to the meth abuse and addiction:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Other substance use disorders
Effects

Effects of meth addiction

It is no overstatement to note that meth abuse can have a devastating impact on virtually all areas of a person’s life. The following are among the many ways that meth abuse can damage a person’s physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being:

  • Irreversible cognitive damage
  • Increased risk of contracting HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C
  • Destruction of marriage, friendships, and other personal relationships
  • Legal problems, including incarceration
  • Financial ruin
  • Homelessness
  • Drastic changes in appearance
  • Malnutrition
  • Job loss
  • Social ostracization
  • Death
Withdrawl & Overdose

Effects of meth withdrawal and overdose

Effects of meth withdrawal: Once a person has become addicted to methamphetamine, attempts to stop using the drug will trigger a number of unpleasant side effects, which are known as withdrawal symptoms. The following are among the more common symptoms of meth withdrawal:

  • Muscle tics, twitches, and spasms
  • Strong drug cravings
  • Profound loss of energy
  • Anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure)
  • Insomnia
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Extreme agitation

Effects of meth overdose: Meth abuse can inflict significant (and, in some cases, irreversible) damage to a person’s physical and mental health. This damage can occur as the cumulative result of long-term abuse, or in the aftermath of an overdose. The following signs of meth overdose demand immediate medical attention:

  • Respiratory distress
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Seizure
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Kidney damage or failure
  • Extreme delusions and paranoia
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Stroke
  • Coma
  • Death
Take an Assessment

We offer quick and anonymous online assessments to help gauge the severity of your or your loved one’s addiction or mental health disorder. Choose from the available assessments below.

Marks of Quality Care
Why does this matter?
  • American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
  • Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF)