Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Bowling Green Brandywine Treatment Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Bowling Green Brandywine Treatment Center.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Cocaine Effects & Warning Signs

Cocaine, also commonly referred to as blow or coke, is an illicit substance that is one of the most widely abused drugs in existence today. Causing a high that produces euphoria and increased energy levels, this harmful drug induces physical and psychological effects that can last for up to a half hour when it is abused.

Understanding Cocaine

Learn about cocaine and substance abuse

While under the influence of cocaine, individuals will likely be unable to experience pain and often engage in behaviors that are risky, due to the feelings of invincibility that occur. As enticing as a cocaine high may be to the individuals who abuse it, the high does not last long and frequently causes people to engage in a pattern of substance abuse that can lead to a whole host of detrimental outcomes.

Prolonged abuse of cocaine can cause tolerance to develop, which then requires a person to need larger amounts of this substance in order to experience the desired effects. As time presses on, the acquisition and abuse of cocaine becomes the focal point of an individual’s world, often leaving other things that were once priorities to fall to the wayside. Additionally, both short and long-term abuse of cocaine can wreak havoc on a person’s mental and physical health and significantly increases the chances for overdose.

A pivotal thing to know is that there are excellent treatment options in existence that can help men and women cease their abuse of cocaine so that healthier, sober lives can be achieved.


Cocaine addiction statistics

Cocaine is considered to be the second most abused illicit substance in the United States. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), 12 percent of those within the age range of 18-25 abuse cocaine. Furthermore, almost 17 percent of those aged 26 and older are believed to abuse this substance as well. It is also estimated that approximately 5,000 people try cocaine every day and, of that number, almost 75 percent of those individuals go on to abuse it regularly.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for cocaine addiction

The core causes for why and how a person comes to abuse cocaine are rooted in genetics and certain environmental influences. Consider the following explanations, of which are widely agreed upon by experts in the fields of mental health and addiction:

Genetic: A substantial amount of research supports the notion that the tendency to abuse substances and developing an addiction can occur, in part, because of a person’s genetic history. Researchers have come to this conclusion after making the discovery that addiction often runs in families. The risk for developing a substance abuse problem with drugs, such as cocaine, is heightened when an individual has a first-degree relative who has also had a history of substance abuse.

Environmental: Even if a person does not possess a familial history of substance abuse, the environment in which a person spends most of his or her time can impact whether or not that individual will abuse drugs, like cocaine. Especially for those who are exposed to chronic stress or other individuals abusing substances, as well as those who lack the necessary skills for coping with said stress are at greater risk for abusing cocaine. Lastly, if a person is able to acquire cocaine with ease, there is a high probability that this substance will be abused.

Risk Factors:

  • Family history substance abuse or addiction
  • Family history of mental illness
  • Personal history of mental illness
  • Residing in an environment that is chaotic
  • Experiencing peer pressure to use substances, such as cocaine
  • Experiencing high levels of stress
  • Easy access to cocaine
  • Early exposure to substance use, which can include prenatal exposure to drugs as well
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction

There are several telltale signs that infer a person is abusing cocaine. If you, as a concerned friend or family member, is wondering if someone you care about is abusing this dangerous drug, it can be helpful to note the presence of any of the following signs and symptoms of cocaine abuse:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Change in peer group
  • Lying
  • Stealing
  • Possessing cocaine
  • Increased energy levels
  • Displaying volatile or aggressive behaviors towards others
  • Rapid speech
  • Decreased participation in activities that were once enjoyed

Physical symptoms:

  • Increased body temperature
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Nose bleeds
  • Diminished appetite, which can lead to weight loss
  • Insomnia
  • Dilated pupils

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis
  • Poor decision-making
  • Inability to reason
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Angry feelings
  • Drastic shifts in mood
  • Increased agitation
  • Feeling irritable
  • Elevated levels of anxiety
Co-Occurring Disorders

Cocaine addiction and co-occurring disorders

In many cases, when a person seeks treatment to recover from a cocaine abuse problem, it is realized that that individual is also suffering from one or more mental health conditions at the same time. The following mental health disorders are those that are known to occur alongside a cocaine use disorder:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia

Effects of cocaine addiction

The devastation caused by cocaine abuse can be far-reaching and impact the lives of loved ones as well. In addition to the ever-present risk for overdose, the various effects, or consequences, that can occur if a person does not seek treatment to end his or her abuse of this toxic substance include, but are certainly are not limited to:

  • Inability to acquire or maintain steady employment
  • Destruction of nasal tissue
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Brain damage
  • Blood vessel damage
  • Heart attack
  • Financial difficulties
  • Malnutrition
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Permanent heart damage
  • Liver damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Lung damage that can lead to respiratory failure
  • High risk for stroke
  • Demise of meaningful relationships
  • Increased interaction with the legal system
  • Loss of one’s sense of smell
  • Death as a result of overdose
Withdrawl & Overdose

Effects of cocaine withdrawal and overdose

Effects of cocaine withdrawal: Abruptly stopping one’s use of cocaine can result in the onset of unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal occurs as the body’s response to the absence of a substance, such as cocaine, that it has become accustomed to. The following are the effects known to occur when a person is withdrawing from cocaine:

  • Increased irritability
  • Depression
  • Restlessness
  • Intense cravings for more cocaine
  • Excessive anxiety
  • Increased appetite
  • Vivid dreams
  • Lethargy
  • Aggression
  • Paranoia

Effects of cocaine overdose: Those who abuse cocaine are at an ever-present risk for overdose. In the event a person displays signs that he or she is overdosing, medical attention should be sought in order to prevent a fatal outcome. The following are examples of signs, rather effects, which are known to occur when a person is overdosing after ingesting more cocaine than his or her body can handle:

  • Problems with breathing
  • Panic
  • Hallucinations
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Hyperthermia
  • Delirium
  • Paranoia
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
Take an Assessment

We offer quick and anonymous online assessments to help gauge the severity of your or your loved one’s addiction or mental health disorder. Choose from the available assessments below.

Marks of Quality Care
Why does this matter?
  • American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
  • Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF)